The NIH Public Access Policy was created to ensure that the public has access to the published results of NIH-funded research, and it is a term and condition of all awards. To enhance compliance with this statutory requirement, NIH will begin delaying the processing of non-competing continuation grant awards when publications arising from the award are not in compliance. NIH will implement this change in Spring of 2013 when use of the Research Performance Progress Report (RPPRs) for all Streamlined Non-competing Award Process (SNAP) and Fellowship awards is mandated. The RPPR requires the reporting of publications using a Commons-linked My NCBI account, allowing NIH to verify compliance. Grantees submitting paper progress reports are required to provide a My NCBI-generated PDF of the list of publications. Grantees who are out of compliance will be emailed with a request for evidence of compliance or a satisfactory explanation.