Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body does not make enough insulin or does not use efficiently the insulin that is produced. As a result, there is too much sugar in the blood. Insulin, a hormone normally produced by beta cells in the pancreas, is needed to move blood sugar, called glucose, into cells. Sugar stored in the cells can be used later for energy.
Without insulin or if the body does not use insulin efficiently, too much sugar remains in the blood rather than moving to cells. Symptoms appear slowly and sometimes go unnoticed.
Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1 diabetes. The risk of type 2 diabetes increases as people get older or if they are obese, have a family history of diabetes or are inactive.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include:
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
- Frequently feeling hungry or tired
- Weight loss without trying
- Sores or wounds that heal slowly
- Blurred eyesight
A blood test can help determine if you have type 2 diabetes.
Your Ohio State doctor will help you determine a course of treatment to maintain and improve your health. Many people manage their type 2 diabetes through healthy eating, physical activity, glucose monitoring and medications.
Working with your Ohio State doctor can help you manage your type 2 diabetes and its symptoms, avoid diabetic-related complications and achieve your ultimate wellness goals.