Biomedical Engineering Assistant Professor Daniel Gallego-Perez has won a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director’s New Innovator Award. The NIH announced 89 research grants from its High-Risk, High-Reward Research Program. This prestigious award supports exceptionally creative early career investigators who propose innovative, high-impact projects.
The program catalyzes scientific discovery by supporting compelling, high-risk biomedical research proposals that may struggle in the traditional peer review process despite their transformative potential. Program applicants are encouraged to think outside the box and to pursue creative, trailblazing ideas in any area of research relevant to the NIH mission.
Building on earlier studies
Gallego-Perez will use $2.3 million in total funding to build on earlier studies that demonstrated how tissue nanotransfection (TNT) can convert skin cells into blood vessels and nerve cells. Results of that regenerative medicine study appeared in the journal Nature Nanotechnology. The novel approach under development may be used to repair injured tissue or restore function of aging tissue, including organs, blood vessels and nerve cells.
“This New Innovator Award will allow us to focus on developing TNT-driven restorative therapies for neurodegenerative disorders,” said Gallego-Perez, also an assistant professor of general surgery at Ohio State’s College of Medicine. “Our initial goal is to study its implementation in the repair of lesions or defects at the central and peripheral nervous system levels.”
He will leverage this award to expand on ongoing collaborations with a number of faculty at Ohio State, including: neurologist Dr. Stephen Kolb, director of the ALS/Motor Neuron Disease Clinic and Translational Research Program in Ohio State’s Wexner Medical Center; researchers in the Center for Regenerative Medicine and Cell-Based Therapies; and Dr. Ian Valerio in the Department of Plastic Surgery, among others. The research team also will include biomedical engineering graduate and undergraduate students.
While this grant will support animal studies, Gallego-Perez said that data resulting from the work will be fundamental to the team’s pursuit of human clinical trials in the future.
NIH’s New Innovator Award, established in 2007, supports unusually innovative research from early career investigators who are within 10 years of their final degree or clinical residency and have not yet received a research project grant or equivalent NIH grant. Gallego-Perez earned his PhD in biomedical/medical engineering at Ohio State in 2011. He then served as a postdoc researcher before becoming a faculty member in 2015.
“This program supports exceptionally innovative researchers who have the potential to transform the biomedical field,” said NIH Director Francis S. Collins, MD, PhD. “I am confident this new cohort will revolutionize our approaches to biomedical research through their groundbreaking work.”
Utilizing TNT technology
Ohio State’s TNT platform technology overcomes many barriers that can interfere with other cellular reprogramming methodologies. It is non-invasive, and since it doesn’t rely on viral vectors to deliver genetic material into cells, immune response is mitigated.
TNT technology has two major components: First is a nanotechnology-based chip designed to deliver cargo to adult cells in the live body. Second is the design of specific biological cargo for cell conversion. This cargo, delivered by zapping the device with a small electrical charge barely felt by the patient, converts an adult cell from one type to another. Previous mouse studies show this nanotechnology-based approach promotes remarkably fast and efficient whole tissue reprogramming in vivo.
“Currently, there is no example of non-viral whole tissue reprogramming strategies against neurodegenerative conditions,” added Gallego-Perez. “So the work we proposed to the NIH is fundamentally innovative and potentially transformative.”