The pathologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and management of human disease by laboratory methods. Pathologists function in three broad areas: as diagnosticians, as teachers, and as investigators. Fundamental to the discipline of pathology is the need to integrate clinical information with physiological, biochemical, and molecular laboratory studies, together with observations of tissue alterations.

Pathologists in hospital and clinical laboratories practice as consultant physicians, developing and applying knowledge of tissue and laboratory analyses to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of individual patients. As teachers, they impart this knowledge of disease to their medical colleagues, to medical students, and to trainees at all levels. As scientists, they use the tools of laboratory science in clinical studies, disease models, and other experimental systems, to advance the understanding and treatment of disease.

Pathology has a special appeal to those who enjoy solving disease-related problems, using technologies based upon fundamental sciences ranging from biophysics to molecular genetics, as well as tools from the more traditional disciplines of anatomy, biochemistry, pharmacology, physiology, and microbiology. This information was adapted from the American Society for Investigative Pathology website.


Length of training:

  • Combined anatomic pathology and clinical pathology: 4 years
  • Anatomic pathology: 3 years
  • Clinical pathology: 3 years

Match: NRMP
Application service: ERAS

Ohio State Department of Pathology

  • Department Chair: Wendy Frankel, MD
  • Residency Director: Arwa Shana'ah, MD
  • Associate Residency Director: Adrian Suarez, MD
  • Education Director: Arwa Shana'ah, MD
  • Residency/Education Coordinator: Surentha Naidoo, 614-293-3055

Learn more about the Department of Pathology

Specialty Champions

  • Christina Arnold, MD
  • Arwa Shana'ah, MD
  • Adrian Suarez, MD
  • Gary Tozbikian, MD
  • Debra Zynger, MD


AAMC Careers in Medicine: Pathology